Deciphering the role of host species for two <i>Mycobacterium bovis</i> genotypes from the European 3 clonal complex circulation within a cattle‐badger‐wild boar multihost system - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles MicrobiologyOpen Year : 2023

Deciphering the role of host species for two Mycobacterium bovis genotypes from the European 3 clonal complex circulation within a cattle‐badger‐wild boar multihost system

Laetitia Canini
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Gabriela Modenesi
  • Function : Author
Aurélie Courcoul
  • Function : Author
Maria‐laura Boschiroli
Benoit Durand
  • Function : Author
Lorraine Michelet

Abstract

Bovine tuberculosis is a common disease affecting cattle and wildlife worldwide. Mycobacterium bovis circulation in wildlife decreases the efficacy of surveillance and control programs in cattle. Strains of the European 3 clonal complex are the most frequent in France. The aim of our work was hence to investigate the role played by cattle and wildlife species in the circulation of two M. bovis European 3 strains circulation. WGS of M. bovis strains collected between 2010 and 2017 in two distinct areas (Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, NAq, and Côte-d'Or département, CdO), from badgers, wild boars, and cattle were used in an evolutionary model to infer the transition between the three species. We computed host species transition and persistence between two consecutive nodes and the average number of transitions per tree. In total, 144 and 218 samples were collected respectively in CdO and NAq. In CdO, three between-species transition rates stood out: from cattle to badgers, from badgers to wild boars, and from wild boars to cattle. In NAq an additional fourth transition rate was identified: from badgers to cattle. However, host transition remained a rare event. Our results suggest that wild boars could be an intermediary host between badgers and cattle in the circulation of the studied strains in CdO and NAq. Our results also highlight the differences between these two areas, suggesting that the transition pattern does not only depend on the host species and other ecological, landscape and anthropic factors are important.
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anses-03909482 , version 1 (21-12-2022)

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Laetitia Canini, Gabriela Modenesi, Aurélie Courcoul, Maria‐laura Boschiroli, Benoit Durand, et al.. Deciphering the role of host species for two Mycobacterium bovis genotypes from the European 3 clonal complex circulation within a cattle‐badger‐wild boar multihost system. MicrobiologyOpen, 2023, 12 (1), pp.e1331. ⟨10.1002/mbo3.1331⟩. ⟨anses-03909482⟩

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