High antigenic diversity of serotype 1 infectious bursal disease virus revealed by antigenic cartography - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles Virus Research Year : 2023

High antigenic diversity of serotype 1 infectious bursal disease virus revealed by antigenic cartography

Istvan Kiss
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The antigenic characterization of IBDV, a virus that causes an immunosuppressive disease in young chickens, has been historically addressed using cross virus neutralization (VN) assay and antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent (AC-ELISA). However, VN assay has been usually carried out either in specific antibody negative embryonated eggs, for non-cell culture adapted strains, which is tedious, or on chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF), which requires virus adaptation to cell culture. AC-ELISA has provided crucial information about IBDV antigenicity, but this information is limited to the epitopes included in the tested panel with a lack of information of overall antigenic view. The present work aimed at overcoming those technical limitations and providing an extensive antigenic landscape based on original cross VN assays employing primary chicken B cells, where no previous IBDV adaptation is required. Sixteen serotype 1 IBDV viruses, comprising both reference strains and documented antigenic variants were tested against eleven chicken post-infectious sera. The VN data were analysed by antigenic cartography, a method which enables reliable high-resolution quantitative and visual interpretation of large binding assay datasets. The resulting antigenic cartography revealed i) the existence of several antigenic clusters of IBDV, ii) high antigenic relatedness between some genetically unrelated viruses, iii) a highly variable contribution to global antigenicity of previously identified individual epitopes and iv) broad reactivity of chicken sera raised against antigenic variants. This study provides an overall view of IBDV antigenic diversity. Implementing this approach will be instrumental to follow the evolution of IBDV antigenicity and control the disease.
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anses-03966233 , version 1 (15-03-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Liliana L Cubas-Gaona, Céline Courtillon, Francois-Xavier Briand, Higor Cotta, Stephanie Bougeard, et al.. High antigenic diversity of serotype 1 infectious bursal disease virus revealed by antigenic cartography. Virus Research, 2023, 323, pp.198999. ⟨10.1016/j.virusres.2022.198999⟩. ⟨anses-03966233⟩

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