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Journal Articles BMC Microbiology Year : 2023

Structural differences in the gut microbiome of bats using terrestrial vs. aquatic feeding resources


Bat gut microbiomes are adapted to the specific diets of their hosts. Despite diet variation has been associated with differences in bat microbiome diversity, the influence of diet on microbial community assembly have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we used available data on bat gut microbiome to characterize the microbial community assembly of five selected bat species (i.e., Miniopterus schreibersii , Myotis capaccinii , Myotis myotis , Myotis pilosus , and Myotis vivesi ), using network analysis. These bat species with contrasting habitat and food preferences (i.e., My. capaccinii and My. pilosus can be piscivorous and/or insectivorous; Mi. schreibersii and My. myotis are exclusively insectivorous; while My. vivesi is a marine predator) offer an invaluable opportunity to test the impact of diet on bat gut microbiome assembly. The results showed that My. myotis showed the most complex network, with the highest number of nodes, while My. vivesi has the least complex structured microbiome, with lowest number of nodes in its network. No common nodes were observed in the networks of the five bat species, with My. myotis possessing the highest number of unique nodes. Only three bat species, My. myotis , My. pilosus and My. vivesi , presented a core microbiome and the distribution of local centrality measures of nodes was different in the five networks. Taxa removal followed by measurement of network connectivity revealed that My. myotis had the most robust network, while the network of My. vivesi presented the lowest tolerance to taxa removal. Prediction of metabolic pathways using PICRUSt2 revealed that Mi. schreibersii had significantly higher functional pathway’s richness compared to the other bat species. Most of predicted pathways (82%, total 435) were shared between all bat species, while My. capaccinii , My. myotis and My. vivesi , but no Mi. schreibersii or My. pilosus , showed specific pathways. We concluded that despite similar feeding habits, microbial community assembly can differ between bat species. Other factors beyond diet may play a major role in bat microbial community assembly, with host ecology, sociality and overlap in roosts likely providing additional predictors governing gut microbiome of insectivorous bats.
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Dates and versions

hal-04146750 , version 1 (30-06-2023)





Alexandra Corduneanu, Alejandra Wu-Chuang, Apolline Maitre, Dasiel Obregon, Attila D Sándor, et al.. Structural differences in the gut microbiome of bats using terrestrial vs. aquatic feeding resources. BMC Microbiology, 2023, 23 (1), pp.93. ⟨10.1186/s12866-023-02836-7⟩. ⟨hal-04146750⟩
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