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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2020

Mycobacterium microti Interferes with Bovine Tuberculosis Surveillance


Mycobacterium microti, a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, was originally described as the cause of tuberculosis in wild rodents. However, in the last few years, an increasing number of cases have been reported in wildlife (wild boars and badgers) and livestock (goat and cattle) in the frame of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) surveillance program, demonstrating the risk of interference with bTB diagnosis in France. In 2019, we detected four cattle infected with M.microti, from three different herds in three different distant regions. For all these cases, ante-mortem diagnosis by the skin test (single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT)) was positive. Confirmation of M.microti infection was based on molecular tests, i.e., specific real-time PCR and spoligotyping. These results highlight a non-negligible risk of interference in the bTB diagnosis system and raise concern about the reliability of diagnostic tests used for bTB surveillance. The use of highly specific tests, like the interferon gamma test (IFN-γ) employed in France or new synthetic specific tuberculins for skin testing could alternatively be used to accurately identify M.bovis (or Mycobacterium caprae) infection at ante-mortem examination. At post-mortem diagnosis, the use of specific molecular tools should be considered to accurately distinguish pathogens within the MTBC and to avoid misleading bTB diagnosis.
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anses-03910884 , version 1 (22-12-2022)



Lorraine Michelet, Krystel de Cruz, Jennifer Tambosco, Sylvie Hénault, Maria Laura Boschiroli. Mycobacterium microti Interferes with Bovine Tuberculosis Surveillance. Microorganisms, 2020, 8 (12), pp.1850. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms8121850⟩. ⟨anses-03910884⟩


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