Comparative phylogenomics of ESBL-, AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae originating from companion animals and humans - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Year : 2022

Comparative phylogenomics of ESBL-, AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae originating from companion animals and humans

Abstract

Background: WHO considers ESBL-and carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae a major global concern. In animals, ESBL-and carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae of human-related ST11, ST15 and ST307 have been reported, but not in the context of large WGS-based One Health investigations. Objectives: To perform comparative phylogenomics on a large collection of multidrug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae recovered from diseased companion animals and humans. Methods: MDR K. pneumoniae (n = 105) recovered from companion animals in France during 2010-18 were phenotypically characterized. All isolates were whole-genome sequenced using the NovaSeq technology and phylogenomic analysis across animal and human K. pneumoniae was performed using appropriate pipelines. Results: bla CTX-M-15 , bla DHA-1 and bla OXA-48 were strongly associated with IncFIIk, IncR and IncL plasmids, respectively. When compared with human K. pneumoniae genomes, four groups of closely related French human and animal isolates belonging to ST11, ST15 and ST307 were detected, suggesting the circulation of clones between the human and animal sectors at country level. A large cluster of 31 ST11-KL105 animal isolates from France and Switzerland suggested it corresponds to a sub-lineage that is particularly well-adapted to the animal host. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the spread of bla CTX-M-15-carrying ST15 and ST307, and bla DHA-1-carrying ST11 K. pneumoniae clones in animal populations. ST11 was the main vector of bla OXA-48 /IncL, despite the absence of carbapenem use in French animals. Comparative phylogenomics suggests cross-transmission of K. pneumoniae sub-lineages more prone than others to colonize/infect the animal host. Our data also evidenced the emergence of convergent hypervirulent and MDR K. pneumoniae in animals.

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Bacteriology
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anses-03992660 , version 1 (16-02-2023)

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Raquel Garcia-Fierro, Antoine Drapeau, Melody Dazas, Estelle Saras, Carla Rodrigues, et al.. Comparative phylogenomics of ESBL-, AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae originating from companion animals and humans. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2022, 77 (5), pp.1263 - 1271. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkac041⟩. ⟨anses-03992660⟩

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