Research Note: Analysis of immune responses in broilers after vaccination against Campylobacter jejuni - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles Poultry Science Year : 2023

Research Note: Analysis of immune responses in broilers after vaccination against Campylobacter jejuni

Abstract

Campylobacter infections traced mainly to poultry products are major bacterial foodborne zoonoses. Among the many control strategies evaluated at primary poultry level to reduce these infections, vaccination could be a solution, but no effective vaccines are available to date. A better understanding of the immune mechanisms involved in protection against Campylobacter would be helpful for designing novel vaccine strategies. The present study was designed to analyze in more depth the immune responses developed in broilers in order to potentially identify which immune parameters may be important for establishing protection against Campylobacter by comparing the immune responses obtained here with those obtained in a previous study performed on vaccinated specific-pathogen-free Leghorn chickens that presented a partial reduction of Campylobacter after experimental challenge. The protection against Campylobacter colonization was evaluated at different time points over 40 d of rearing, by measuring specific IgY levels in serum and IgA antibodies in bile reflecting the systemic and mucosal humoral responses respectively and the relative expressions of 9 cecal immune marker genes (cytokines and antimicrobial peptides), which reflect the innate and cellular immune responses. Despite no reduction of Campylobacter in the cecum, a systemic immune response over time characterized by the production of specific anti-flagellin IgY was observed, in addition to upregulation of the antimicrobial peptide avian b-defensin (AvBD) 12 gene expression in the cecum of vaccinated broilers compared with the placebo group. However, the levels of specific anti-flagellin mucosal IgA antibodies in the bile as well as the relative expression of other cecal cytokines studied was underexpressed in the vaccinated group or similar in both groups.
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Licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Dates and versions

anses-04040798 , version 1 (22-03-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Noémie Gloanec, Daniel Dory, Ségolène Quesne, Véronique Béven, Typhaine Poezevara, et al.. Research Note: Analysis of immune responses in broilers after vaccination against Campylobacter jejuni. Poultry Science, 2023, 102 (4), pp.102510. ⟨10.1016/j.psj.2023.102510⟩. ⟨anses-04040798⟩
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