Noninvasive detection of Zika virus in mosquito excreta sampled from wild mosquito populations in French Guiana - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Medical Entomology Year : 2024

Noninvasive detection of Zika virus in mosquito excreta sampled from wild mosquito populations in French Guiana

Abstract

Arboviruses can be difficult to detect in the field due to relatively low prevalence in mosquito populations. The discovery that infected mosquitoes can release viruses in both their saliva and excreta gave rise to low-cost methods for the detection of arboviruses during entomological surveillance. We implemented both saliva and excreta-based entomological surveillance during the emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) in French Guiana in 2016 by trapping mosquitoes around households of symptomatic cases with confirmed ZIKV infection. ZIKV was detected in mosquito excreta and not in mosquito saliva in 1 trap collection out of 85 (1.2%). One female Ae. aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) was found with a ZIKV systemic infection in the corresponding trap. The lag time between symptom onset in a ZIKV-infected individual living near the trap site and ZIKV detection in this mosquito was 1 wk. These results highlight the potential of detection in excreta from trapped mosquitoes as a sensitive and cost-effective method to non invasively detect arbovirus circulation.
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hal-04493615 , version 1 (08-03-2024)

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Amandine Guidez, Albin Fontaine, Léna Yousfi, Sara Moutailler, Romuald Carinci, et al.. Noninvasive detection of Zika virus in mosquito excreta sampled from wild mosquito populations in French Guiana. Journal of Medical Entomology, 2024, pp.tjae016. ⟨10.1093/jme/tjae016⟩. ⟨hal-04493615⟩
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